What is Early Child Development
Early child development refers to the many skills, abilities, and developmental milestones that children reach – or are expected to reach – by certain ages in their first five years of life.
These skills are the development of a child’s self-help skills and interactions with others, these skills help a child to function independently and effectively at home, school, college, work etc.
These skills are the development of a child’s language skills including what is said and what is understood, these skills consist of listening, verbal and non-verbal attempts to respond, eye contact, humor and expression of personality.
This area describes how children play with toys and their ability to find a solution to increasingly more difficult problems; this is a step towards understanding how to tackle problems and thus to help a child develop their coping skills.
These skills are the development of a child’s interactions with others and the recognition of their feelings in response to a situation (behaviors); this is when children start to understand who they are, what they are feeling, and what to expect to receive from others.
This is the development of a child’s hand & finger movement as well as coordination; these skills are essential for school success and very important as so many daily tasks require the control of the hands and fingers.
Examples: printing, scissor cutting, chewing, turning knobs, zippers, eating finger food, squeezing objects etc.
These skills include the development of the large muscle movements and coordination such as your arms, core and legs; development of these skills are crucial because it builds strong muscle tone and helps a person have proper balance.
Examples: sitting, crawling, walking, jumping, climbing etc.
Be patient. A child's development isn't always a smooth journey. Find out more about when to be concerned and for more detailed developmental checklists please refer below: