What is Early Child Development

What is Early Child Development

Early child development refers to the many skills, abilities, and developmental milestones that children reach – or are expected to reach – by certain ages in their first five years of life.

Personal Social

These skills are the development of a child’s self-help skills and interactions with others, these skills help a child to function independently and effectively at home, school, college, work etc.

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Communication

These skills are the development of a child’s language skills including what is said and what is understood, these skills consist of listening, verbal and non-verbal attempts to respond, eye contact, humor and expression of personality.

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Problem Solving

This area describes how children play with toys and their ability to find a solution to increasingly more difficult problems; this is a step towards understanding how to tackle problems and thus to help a child develop their coping skills.

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Social Emotional

These skills are the development of a child’s interactions with others and the recognition of their feelings in response to a situation (behaviors); this is when children start to understand who they are, what they are feeling, and what to expect to receive from others.

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Fine Motor

This is the development of a child’s hand & finger movement as well as coordination; these skills are essential for school success and very important as so many daily tasks require the control of the hands and fingers.

Examples: printing, scissor cutting, chewing, turning knobs, zippers, eating finger food, squeezing objects etc.

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Gross Motor

These skills include the development of the large muscle movements and coordination such as your arms, core and legs; development of these skills are crucial because it builds strong muscle tone and helps a person have proper balance.

Examples: sitting, crawling, walking, jumping, climbing etc.

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Be patient. A child's development isn't always a smooth journey. Find out more about when to be concerned and for more detailed developmental checklists please refer below: